Articular cartilage is the white gristle covering the ends of joint bones ('articulating' bones). It is also called joint cartilage or hyaline cartilage.

It is damage to the articular cartilage which is called 'arthritis' and in the knee all efforts are geared towards preventing any damage or breakdown of this all-essential joint surface, as it has a poor blood supply and does not heal well if damaged.

inset showing articular cartilage of knee grade 4 cartilage damage clearing up confusion about joint cartilage

An interpretation of an article published in the orthopaedic literature in 2012.

Dr Adrian Wilson discusses frankly his own views on ACI procedures.

Articular cartilage repair

A short but sound overview of the issue of damage to the joint cartilage, and what can be done about it.

Who's Who in articular cartilage repair?

List compiled by the Editor of those knee surgeons around the world who have shown a special interest in articular cartilage repair.

Introduction to articular cartilage repair

Part 1 of an in-depth review on Articular Cartilage Repair by Dr Karen Hambly PhD MCSP (Sports Scientist/Physiotherapist).


From the time of onset of osteoarthritis of the knee to aged 65 - the usual age when a surgeon considers it acceptable to do a knee replacement - there are many interventions that may help to slow the progression of the joint destruction. This eBook gives an overview of these interventions.

knee arthritis interventions