Abbreviation of 'medial patello-femoral ligament'.


The patella - important anatomical relationships

The kneecap or patella is part of a chain of structures that help to straighten the knee.

A discussion of key concerns about dislocation of the patella.

Review and Meta-analysis of publications reporting outcomes in patients who had an isolated MPFL reconstruction for patellar dislocation.

Patellar instability and dislocation

Discussing how the anatomy can affect the tendency to dislocate the patella.



Avoiding Complications with MPFL Reconstruction. Smith MK, Werner BC and Diduch DR. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2018 Jun; 11(2): 241–252.